Understanding the alphabet of music
We all know that children prepare to read by learning the alphabet. Did you know that piano students prepare to read music by first learning the musical alphabet?
It’s true! Of course, there are some differences between the regular alphabet and the musical alphabet. For one, the letters in this alphabet stand for tones in a scale instead of sounds in speech. How many letters are in the musical alphabet? Another difference is that the music note alphabet contains just seven letters. What are the letters of the musical alphabet? A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Why so few? Music needs only seven letters to name the seven tones in a scale. When you get to G, you start over and begin a new octave with A.
Gaining a real comprehension of how the musical note alphabet works is essential for many music skills like staff reading and understanding chords and key signatures. Start your music studies with a good foundation by learning the musical alphabet.
Why is the Musical Alphabet Important?
- The musical alphabet is the connection between notes on a page and notes on the keyboard
- The musical alphabet is used to name not only notes, but chords and key signatures
- Almost all instruments in western music use the musical alphabet
Reading Music with the Musical Alphabet
If you know the alphabet of music inside and out, you can read music much more easily. Piano students should be able to say the musical alphabet forward or backward, starting on any letter. For example, the musical alphabet forward starting on E is E, F, G, A, B, C, D. Backward starting on F is F, E, D, C, B, A, G. Piano students should also be able to say the musical alphabet in skips. This means they skip every other letter, for example, A, C, E, G, B, D, F.
When a music student knows how to say the music note alphabet forward and backward, in both steps and skips, starting on any letter, then they can identify any note written on a musical staff. For example, an easy note to find on the treble staff is G because the treble clef sign was designed to mark the line that corresponds to the note letter G. If you know the position of that one note, G, and know the music note alphabet well, you can easily name the other notes on the treble staff. How? By stepping or skipping up and down the musical alphabet.
Musical Alphabet Practice Games
Enjoy learning the Musical Alphabet together. Here are some games you can play to help your child learn alphabet of music.
Players sit on the floor either face-to-face (2 players) or in a circle (3+ players) with enough space between them to roll a ball. Take a small ball and roll the ball to your partner, or to anyone in the circle, saying any letter in the musical alphabet. The next person says the next letter, rolling the ball either back to their partner or to someone else in the circle. Continue rolling and saying each letter, stepping up, in the musical alphabet. Then try stepping down, skipping up, and skipping down.
Musical Alphabet Flash Cards
Using our printable alphabet cards, or with cards you make yourself, shuffle the 7-card deck and place it face down. Turn over the top card and place in front of you face-up on the floor. Turn the other cards face-up and arrange them in the correct order above the first card you placed, one card above the next, stepping up the alphabet as fast as you can. If the first card you turned over was D, your alphabet should look like this:
Practice in the Car, or Anywhere!
Let’s Get Started
Hoffman Academy has lots of resources to help piano students master the music note alphabet. Mastery requires practice, and Hoffman Academy excels at making practice fun. If you are a Hoffman Academy Premium member, you can play Alphabet Towers and download the Musical Alphabet Worksheets available in our printable materials for Unit 1. Before you do that, we recommend that everyone watch Lesson 3 for our introduction to the music note alphabet – all of our video lessons are free!