Quick Tips

How to Memorize a Song on Piano

By Hannah Kendall
Learn how to memorize a song on piano.

Imagine you’re traveling and you encounter a piano in the hotel lobby. Or perhaps you’re at a friend’s house and notice a piano in the living room. Would you be ready to play some of your favorite songs, even if you didn’t have the sheet music? 

Being able to spontaneously sit down and share a song, without needing sheet music, is a fulfilling experience. It can help us feel the most profound moments of connection with the piano, ourselves, and the people around us. Memorizing music takes some time and effort, but it might not be as hard as you think. In this article, we’ll share efficient techniques to help you memorize music. 

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How long does it take to memorize a song?

Memorizing a song on the piano is a rewarding endeavor that requires patience and practice. The time it takes to memorize a song on the piano depends on several factors. Difficulty, technique, melodic complexity, and the length of a piece all determine how easy it will be to memorize. Professional pianists might need months, maybe even a year, to properly learn, memorize, and perform a concert piece. However, many pieces can be learned and memorized within a few days or weeks. The more practice and time spent with the song, the faster the piece can be memorized.

Many beginner students studying Hoffman’s Units 1 and 2 can easily play their songs from memory within a few days to a week. This is because the students first become familiar with the tune before playing. Students sing the song and learn the solfege. Once the melody becomes familiar, they learn to play the song on the piano. These shorter, simple songs are easy for young students to memorize because they’ve already done most of the work. By learning to sing the tune, students understand the relationships between the high notes, low notes, and repeated notes. When they learn the song on the piano, it’s easier to memorize because they can already sing it. 

Tips for memorizing piano music efficiently

Here are some tips to memorizing piano music efficiently: 

  1. Start small. When memorizing music for the piano, break down your music into small sections and focus on 2-4 measures at a time. This works well for practicing the hands separately and together. Be sure to practice slowly and intentionally. 
  2. Use good fingering consistently. Prioritize efficient fingering from the beginning. Don’t wait until you’ve already learned the notes and have to go back and re-learn fingering!
  3. Understand the structure of the piece. Are there different sections to the piece? An A section or B section? Understanding the form can help you keep track of where you are in the piece. Also take note of the chord progressions in the piece and mark them in your music.
  4. Perform for others. Performing regularly for friends or family can help you know where the gaps are in your memory, especially if you are preparing for a big performance or recital. 
  5. Listen to performances of your piece. One of the best ways to understand and memorize a piece is listening to the music. Watch the sheet music while you listen to help you understand all components of the piece. 
  6. Visualize your piece. Close your eyes and mentally walk yourself through all the parts of the music. Away from the piano, try moving your fingers as you would to physically play your piece. If there are any parts, you don’t recall, refer back to your sheet music. 
  7. Transpose to a different key. For an extra challenge, try to transpose your song to a different key. While this may be easier to do with beginning piano songs, it will get more difficult with more advanced music. To transpose advanced music, analyze the chord progressions and apply them to different keys. The goal is to get away from rote memorization and internalize how the music functions. Try to play the music without looking at your hands. You can even try closing your eyes.
  8. Write down what you remember. For a super challenge, you might want to try taking a blank sheet of music paper and writing out whatever notes and chords you can remember from the song. Check this against the actual sheet music and see what you still need to fill in.

How to memorize the melody of a song

One of the best ways to memorize the melody of the song is to listen to it! Immerse yourself in the music and pay attention to the melody, rhythm, and overall structure. Hum or sing along as you do this to help reinforce memory. 

Another way to memorize the melody of the song is to identify patterns. Look for recurring motifs or intervals to make it easier to remember the song. While analyzing the music, try to write it down yourself! Transcribing a melody on paper is a tactile experience that will help you recall the patterns and structure of the music.

How can I memorize faster?

Repetition, repetition, repetition! The more time you spend listening and practicing your piece, the faster you will memorize the song. Don’t be discouraged if you spend time memorizing a piano piece and it seems to be gone from memory the next time you practice. It’s simply part of the process. The more you return to a section, the more it will be committed to memory. 

Additionally, rather than practicing for the sake of memorizing, practice with the intent of truly knowing the piece. This can change your relationship with the music. Memorizing with the goal of fully understanding the piece will naturally bring your attention to dynamics, tempo markings, and articulations, all parts of a piece that can greatly add to a memorized performance. 

As you memorize each song, you’ll be able to memorize more quickly and easily. Memorizing music is a learned skill, just like sight reading and playing by ear. The more you do it, the easier it gets.

The freedom of playing music from memory

Memorizing music takes effort, but the rewards are well worth it! Securing a favorite piano piece in your memory will give you the power to play it any time you’re around a piano. With the notes and rhythms of the piece already firmly in your mind, you’ll have the freedom to focus on musical expression and experiment with dynamics and tempo in new ways. So what are you waiting for? Choose a song and start memorizing today.

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