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Choosing a Piano or Keyboard for the Beginning Student

Acoustic piano, digital piano, and electronic keyboard, side by side

Best Piano for Beginners

Yamaha Arius

If you are in the market for a piano, your options are nearly limitless. Of course, your time is not. Ready to be done shopping? You can't go wrong with our top pick for beginning piano students: the Yamaha Arius.

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If you are in the market for a piano, your options are nearly limitless. Of course, your time is not. Ready to be done shopping? You can't go wrong with our top pick for beginning piano students: the Yamaha Arius.

A beginning piano student needs a good instrument. Think about it. If you wanted your child to play soccer, would you send your child out on the field in a pair of cheap flip-flops, or would you make sure your child had a good pair of shoes? Shoes, of course! On the other hand, does your child need professional-quality $100 soccer cleats? Maybe not on the first day.

As a parent, you want to make sure your beginning piano student has a good experience while learning to play, but you’re probably not ready to go out and buy a baby grand. That’s fine. To help you decide what will be best for your child and your budget, let’s talk about the options.

A Keyboard Instrument for Your Home

There are three basic categories of keyboard instruments available. The largest and most expensive, and also the best when it comes to developing piano skills, are the acoustic pianos. There are also many good digital pianos, which are smaller, less expensive, and do a decent job of mimicking the sound and feel of an acoustic instrument. A third category, the electronic keyboard, is the least expensive option, but an electronic keyboard may not have the right touch to develop hand strength for a beginning pianist, or enough keys to play a wide range of music.

Acoustic Pianos

The sooner a student has the opportunity to practice on an acoustic piano, the better.

Hoffman Academy considers the Yamaha U1 a favorite upright piano.
Yamaha U1

A quality acoustic instrument that produces sound from real strings and real wood offers a level of responsiveness and a range of dynamics and tone color than even the nicest digital piano cannot match. The sooner a student has the opportunity to practice on an acoustic instrument with that kind of nuanced musical responsiveness, the better. True, acoustic pianos are expensive. The typical price range for a quality acoustic upright (also called “vertical”) piano is $4,000 to $8,000.

If you want a grand or baby grand piano, expect to pay $6,000 to $10,000 or more. Hoffman Academy considers the Yamaha U1 a favorite upright piano, but there are other good brands such as Kawai, Boston, and Schimmel. Not sure about buying? Many piano stores have affordable acoustic piano rental programs. If you already have a piano, or plan to purchase or rent a used instrument, be sure it is in tune and the keys are in good working order. An acoustic piano in poor condition will only cause frustration and hinder the progress a beginning student.


Digital Pianos

While it’s impossible to entirely simulate the experience of playing on an acoustic piano, there’s nothing wrong with starting a beginning student on a digital piano.

Digital pianos are designed to sound and feel as much like an acoustic piano as possible. Keys are weighted to provide the right resistance to touch, and are sensitive to speed and pressure to give a range of dynamics (loud and soft). They come installed in a cabinet-style console, and are smaller and less expensive than an upright piano, usually $1,000-$2,000.

Our favorite digital piano is the Yamaha Arius series, which are Yamaha digital pianos with model numbers beginning with ‘YDP’ (YDP 142, YDP-162, etc.). Arius models can cost between $1,000 and $2,000.

Listed below are the top rated Yamaha Arius models on Amazon. Compare the features to decide which is the best model for you.

We are also fans of the Casio Privia series, which are Casio digital pianos with model numbers beginning with ‘PX’ (PX-130, PX-150, etc.). The Privia series pianos won't come as close to matching the feel and sound of an acoustic piano as the Arius series does, but the Privias are more affordable (starting at less than $500) and a great place to start.

Listed below are the top rated Casio Privia models on Amazon. Compare the features to decide which is the best model for you.

While it’s impossible to entirely simulate the experience of playing on an acoustic piano, there’s nothing wrong with starting a beginning student on a digital piano. In fact, a quality digital piano would be much better than an old out-of-tune acoustic piano with sticky or broken keys!


Electronic Keyboards

Electronic keyboards are the most affordable way to get started, but learning piano on a non-weighted non-full-size keyboard is less than ideal and could even be discouraging. We recommend upgrading to at least a digital piano as soon as possible.

If you’re not ready to spend several hundred to a few thousand dollars on an instrument, your beginning student can get started with an electronic keyboard. Electronic keyboards come in many sizes and prices. Rather than trying to mimic the experience of playing on a real piano, they are designed to be mini synthesizers, and many come with lots of different instrument sounds and even pre-recorded rhythm tracks. What’s most important for a new piano student will be the number of keys and whether or not the keys are weighted.

Remember that learning on a keyboard with 88 weighted keys gives a student a big advantage. The weighted keys build hand strength and respond more like the keys of an acoustic piano, making it easier for an advancing student to move on. Most electronic keyboards do not have weighted keys.

If a keyboard with 88 weighted keys is still out of your price range, we recommend that students use a keyboard with at least 61 keys in order to be able to do all the exercises in our lessons.

We recommend the Yamaha PSR Series. Models in the PSR lineup cost between $80 and $250.

We also recommend the Casio CTK Series. Models in the CTK lineup also cost between $80 and $250:

When buying an electronic keyboard make sure to also purchase a bench and a keyboard stand. A keyboard set on a table will probably not be at the correct height for a young student seated in a chair. Ideally, the keyboard and bench should be set at the right height so that the player’s arm from wrist to elbow is parallel to the floor. (For more information on posture, read our blog post Top Ten Tips for Good Piano Posture). We recommend the Casio CB7, a sturdy but simple bench that is tall enough to help both kids and adults play with good posture.


Acoustic vs. Digital or Electronic

There are certain advantages to having a digital piano or electronic keyboard over an acoustic piano, such as the ability to plug in headphones so that a child can practice without disturbing anyone. Many digital or electronic instruments can also be connected to a computer with a midi cable and used with all kinds of educational and music production software. They’re more portable, and, unlike acoustic pianos, digital pianos and electronic keyboards never need to be tuned. A beginning student can get a good start on learning the piano with one of these instruments.

Still, nothing can compare with an acoustic piano. If your family has space in your home and your budget for an acoustic piano, I encourage you to go with this option. An acoustic piano adds so much to your home, and makes a clear statement of commitment to making music a part of your family’s life. If a beginning student has access to a quality acoustic piano, they will have the opportunity to develop better musicianship from day one.

Happy playing,

Joseph Hoffman


Piano & Keyboard Comparison Chart

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Grand Piano Upright Piano Digital Piano Electronic Keyboard
How much does it cost? $6,000–$10,000+ $4,000–$8,000 $600–$2,000 $100–$1,000
How much space does it take up? 5 feet wide, 5–8 feet long 5 feet of wall space, extending 3–4 feet into the room when in use 4½ feet of wall space, extending 2–3 feet into the room when in use Similar to digital piano for 88 keys, for smaller keyboards an area 3–4 feet square when in use
How much sound does it make? Lots of sound, will be softer if you close the lid. A good amount of sound. Ranges from loud to silent (player can wear headphones) Ranges from loud to silent (player can wear headphones)
What does it cost to maintain? About $100–$200 per year for tuning About $100–$200 per year for tuning None None
How long will it last? 30–50 years (if well maintained) 20–30 years (if well maintained) 5–10 years 3–5 years
How easy is it to move? Difficult Hard Easy Very Easy
Where can I buy it? Piano Store Piano Store Piano store, music store, order online Piano store, music store, order online
Can I rent one? Yes Yes Yes Yes
Best brands Yamaha, Kawai, Boston, Schimmel Yamaha, Kawai, Boston, Schimmel Yamaha, Kawai, Roland, Casio Yamaha, Kawai, Roland, Casio